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Iranian festivals

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National festivals


Nowruz

But aside from this information that perhaps heard about it many times, I would like to introduce different and beautiful side of Nowruz that might be interesting for you.

*Spring cleaning or Khouneh Tekouni: before Nowruz, Coincides with the renewal of nature, Iranians clean their homes and buy new equipment.
*Family shopping: one of the Beautiful ceremony before the New Year is that all families go out together for family shopping and get those requirements that are related to the New Year, such as each person of family buy at least a new dress for their visiting celebrations.
* Hajji Firuz: is the traditional- fictional character for the new year, like Santa Claus, perhaps as a remnant of the ancient Zoroastrian fire-keeper. His face is covered in soot and he is clad in bright red clothes with a felt hat. People gather around him and he dance through the streets with tambourines and trumpets spreading good cheer and the news of the coming New Year.
*Haft sin: A few days prior to the New Year, a special cover is spread on to the Persian carpet or on a table in every Persian household, includes seven items starting with the letter ‘s’ in the Persian alphabet.
1-Sabzeh or sprouts: Usually wheat or lentil representing rebirth.
.2-Samanu is a pudding in which common wheat sprouts are transformed and given new life as a sweet, creamy pudding and represents the ultimate sophistication of Persian cooking.
3-Seeb means apple and represents health and beauty.
4-Senjed the sweet, dry fruit of the Lotus tree, represents love. It has been said that when lotus tree is in full bloom, its fragrance and fruit make people fall in love and become oblivious to all else.
5-Seer which is garlic in Persian, represents medicine.
6-Somaq sumac berries, represent the color of sunrise; with the appearance of the sun Good conquers Evil.
7-Serkeh or vinegar, represents age and patience
other elements and symbols are also on the sofreh:
A few coins placed on the sofreh represent prosperity and wealth.
A basket of painted eggs represents fertility..
A goldfish in a bowl represents life and the end of astral year-picas.
A mirror: symbolizing cleanness and honesty.
The candles that represent enlightenment and happiness
*visiting celebrations: on the time of Nowruz,Iranian family gather around the table of the Haft Seen and at that time they kiss each other and gifts are exchanged. Later, Typically, the youth will visit the senior family members first and this visiting continue during Nowroz. Usually guests served with nuts, fruit and sweet and the youth person get money as gift from elders.
*New Year Dishes:
*Sabzi Polo Mahi: The New Year’s Day traditional meal that is called Sabzi Polo Mahi, which is rice with green herbs served with fish. The traditional seasoning for Sabzi Polo are parsley, coriander, chives, dill and fenugreek. The many green herbs and spices in this dish are said to represent the greeness of Spring.
* Kookoo sabzi : Herbs and vegetable souffle, a light and fluffy omelet style made from parsley, dill, coriander, spinach, spring onion ends, and chives, mixed with eggs and walnut.
*Reshteh Polo: rice cooked with noodles which is said to symbolically help one succeed in life.
*Sizdah Bedar:The thirteenth day of the New Year festival is called Sizdah Bedar ,the day in nature that accompanied by music and dancing, usually at family picnicst . On this day, people throw their sabzeh away in the nature as a symbolic act of making the nature greener, and to dispose of the bad luck and young single women to tie the leaves of the sabzeh before discarding it, so expressing a wish to be married before the next year’s Sizdah Bedar


       Yalda Night

               Celebrations in every nation and country may hold for families to gather together, youngsters sit side by side of their elders,

               and experiencing happy moments and memories.

                         Theses things remind us how majestic nature is and how merciful God has been toward us. Yalda Night is an Iranian

                         ancient ceremony which is considered as the last night of

fall and the first night of winter. This night equals the first night of winter for those who live in the northern part of earth. From this night the length of days increase while nights

become shorter than previous nights in fall. Ancient Iranians celebrated this night since they believed that from that night on the lord’s light spread over the earth much more

than before. This type thanksgiving celebration has survived among Iranians to the contemporary era.

 

Families used to gather around each other at this night in order to move from the lengthiest night to the light of the next day. They wanted to share their happiness with each other.

This night contains several beautiful traditions each of which is designed for a reason. It would be great if every body follow these traditions in its best way.
People used to spread a beautiful spread full of delicious foods at that night. Meanwhile, in the past people used to sit around Korsi at this night.

Korsi: it is a heating utensil which gives Iranian people a feeling of nostalgia. Korsi is made up of a sort table under which a bowel filled with hot coal is situated. People used to

spread a quilt over the table to keep the heat under it. Iranian families used to spend their winter nights sitting beside Korsi.

At this night, people provide so many different foods for their spread. Every province in Iran may have its own specific foods, but what are common among all Iranians are watermelon,

pomegranate, special nuts like dry fruits that people used to make them but now a days they can buy from different store. These dry fruits are figs, raisins, walnuts, almonds, pistachio,

hazelnut, apricots and so on. Eating any of these nuts means something special. For example seeds are the symbols of earning. People believe that if you eat watermelon at this night, you will

never catch cold in the cold seasons. From among other traditions we can call   elders who tell stories to the youngsters of the family. People also read Hafez at this night. Hafez

is a famous Persian poet. People believe that if they pray first and then open Hafez Divan, he will tell them about    their future. By having thing like Fal, Iranian people celebrate their Yalda night.

Festival of Fire (Chahar Shanbeh Soori)

Taking place annually on the last Wednesday of December, the Festival of Fire sees bonfires sprouting up in various public areas and parks. People jump over the burning cinders and shout, “Give me your red color and take back sickly pallor,” which is a purification ritual. Many Iranians believe their ancestors’ spirits visit during the last few days of the year.

Tehran International Short Film Festival

The Tehran International Short Film Festival has been taking place every year in October or November since 1983. It is a wonderful opportunity to see contemporary Iranian artistic talent. Movies are screened at various venues in Tehran, usually in the Mellat Cinema Complex.

Tehran International Puppet Theater Festival

This Iranian festival takes place every two years and attracts leading puppeteers from all over the world to Tehran. Dating back to 1989, participants have included acts from Germany, Canada, Austria, and England. Although event dates vary, it usually takes place in June.

 


        Religious festivals

Eid al-Adha

Eid al-Adha (Arabic: عید الأضحى ‘Īdu l-’Aḍḥā) or “Festival of Sacrifice” or “Greater Eid” is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide to commemorate the willingness ofAbraham (Ibrahim) to sacrifice his son Ishmael (Isma’il) as an act of obedience to God, before God intervened to provide him with a ram to sacrifice instead. The meat is divided into three parts to be distributed to others. The family retains one third of the share, another third is given to relatives, friends and neighbors, and the other third is given to the poor & needy.

Eid al-Adha is the latter of two Eid festivals celebrated by Muslims, whose basis comes from Sura 2 (Al-Baqara) Ayah 196 in the Qur’an. Like Eid ul-Fitr, Eid al-Adha begins with a Wajib prayer of twoRaka’ah (units) followed by a sermon (khuṭbah).

The word “Eid” appears in Sura al-Mai’da (“The Table Spread,” Chapter 5) of the Qur’an, meaning ‘solemn festival’.

Eid al-Adha is celebrated annually on the 10th day of the 12th and the last Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah (ذو الحجة) of the lunar Islamic calendar. Eid al-Adha celebrations start after the Hajj, the annual pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia by Muslims worldwide, descend from Mount Arafat. The date is approximately 70 days (2 Months & 10 days) after the end of the month of Ramadan, i.e. Eid-ul-Fitr. Ritual observance of the holiday lasts until sunset of the 13th day of Dhu al-Hijjah.

                             Moharrum

Moharrum, the first month of the Islamic calendar is a somber event marking the martyrdom of Imam Hussein (AS), the third Imam of the Shia Muslims. An occasion when people gather in mosques, mausoleums and Imambargahs to mourn the Holy Imam and all those who were martyred with him in Kerbala, Iraq. Dressed in black, people beat their chests and lament the tragedy of Kerbala while clerics narrate instances from the tragedy. Aashura, the 10th day of Moharrum, the day of martyrdom is marked by rallies and processions of mourners.

 

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