YAZD is the city of wind towers
Yazd province with area of 70011 Sq. km. is situated in the margin of Kavir at the center of Iran and bonded on the north and west with Isfahan province; on the north-east by Khorasan province; on the south-west by Fars province; and on the south-east by Kerman province.
Covering an area of 16330 Sq. km. at altitude of 1203 meters from sea-level, lies the city of Yazd. in a wide dry vally between the two mountains of Shirkuh, the highest mountain of the region with height of 4075m., andKharaneq. This makes city tolerate a semi-plain climate, of dry hot-summer and dry cold winters.
Due to this particular natural conditions, the water supplied throgh 1751 Qanats and deep wells. Because such shortage and deficiency of water, the province has a tendency for industry rather than agriculture of zone. For this resone, Textile industries and handicrafts in this province have had considerable progress among witch cashmeres, carpet and pleless rugs, etc … are mentioned.
Yazd is known as the capital of Kavir. the name ofYazd appears in historical documents for the first time along with the name of Chitar Tokhmeh who was one of the adversaries of Dariush. Historian have used the orginal construction of the city goes to the Pre-Islamicperiod.
One of the most ancient cities of Iran, stayedZorostrains during the time of Islam by paying the levy. This continued on until gradual influence of Islam, butYazd has always been held concerated by Zorostrainseven now. There exist a temple in city known as the“Atashkadeh”.
Some authorities of opinion that Yazd was built byYazdgerd of the Sassanide danasty. The name has been derived from the name of “Yazdgerd” comming from the word “Yazdesh” meaning worship in common Persian of the day. For this resone even after Islam and conversation of the people, the name “Darolebadeh” meaning the “Place of Worship” was given to this city.
Special climate conditions of the region has constraned the people of this province to observe and follow a particular architectural style, peculiar to these type of area in such manner that old part of Yazd is mostly built of sun-dried bricks (raw bricks) and mud, and it’s wall is plastered with clay and straw (Yazd is secondЮhistorical city in the world by UNESCO records that used raw-bricks in buildings), This form of architectural helps to curtail the intensity of heat and cold so that the summer heat of Kavir could be bearable. Old buildings are eye-catching with their wind-catcher (wind-tower)(Badgir), which acts as natural ventilators. These high ventilation shafts are typical architectural features of this region.
Yazd is very famous in Iran for it’s various handicrafts, such as carpet, silk fabrics, cashemers and also for it’s pastries.